With all the different types of water out there and the hype that goes with each, it can be very easy to get confused about which water is really best for your health.
So, if you find yourself struggling with the environmental concerns of bottled water versus the potentially dangerous chemicals in tap water, I understand.
Unfortunately, not all of us live close to a mountain stream where we can fill up our water bottles and drink some of the best water on the planet for free – the way nature designed it.
Most of us live in large urban areas and need to rely on commercial water distribution systems that are often loaded with chlorine, disinfection byproducts, fluoride, and many other toxins.
Here's the sobering truth… Every year, a greater number of contaminants are uncovered in public and private water supplies. And with each passing day, we learn more about how these substances have the potential to jeopardize your well-being.
Let me ask you… when was the last time you checked to ensure the water you and your family are drinking is truly safe? And I mean, really checked?
What's in YOUR Glass of Water?
If you're like most people, you probably take your drinking water for granted. You crack open a bottle or turn on the filter on your tap and pour yourself a nice tall glass of cool, sparkling water.
Did you know that the cleanest-looking water isn't necessarily the healthiest? Sometimes, the greatest dangers with drinking water can't be seen, tasted, or even smelled.
Impurities in your drinking water can come from a number of sources.
There are many different toxic synthetic chemicals used in society today. And, unfortunately, the list grows longer every year.
To make matters worse, even some naturally occurring substances can be harmful when they end up in your drinking water.
Then there's the question of water treatment and the myriad contaminants that can result from the process of disinfection. Finally, distribution systems and pipes create hazards all on their own.
To be sure, your drinking water is subject to many, many potential points of contamination. And honestly, these potential hazards can vary from water source to water source…
Five Sources of Water – What You Need to Know About Each
- Tap Water – Easy, quick, convenient. But how many pollutants lurk in your water? And what is your associated health risk? More on this in just a moment…
- Bottled Water – Did you know that 40% of bottled water is actually TAP WATER? With or without added filtration – you're paying through the nose for it. Worse, an independent test by the Environmental Working Group found arsenic, DPBs, and 36 other harmful pollutants hiding in bottled water. Read more about this below…
Plastic bottles are a less than optimal idea too. They can contain the potentially hazardous chemical BPA.
And the devastating environmental impact is staggering.
- Distilled Water – Use with caution… Long-term use can invite health problems, because its minerals are evaporated out. So to try to maintain mineral balance, it sucks minerals out of your body.
What's worse, the contaminants in the water are more concentrated in the finished distilled water. You can just imagine what that does to your health…
- Alkaline Water – Although there is some controversy on this, I and most experts believe that this water should be used for short-term detoxification only (1-2 weeks max). Additionally, the alkalinization process does NOT filter the water so you need to carefully evaluate the water filter for the specific alkaline water unit it's using.
- Vitamin Waters – Don't be fooled… Vitamin waters can contain high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), artificial colors, additives, preservatives, and caffeine. Even worse… they use distilled water to produce these products – which as you just read, is one of the worst types of water you can consume.
So, to complete the full circle back to tap water…
What the Government Isn't Telling You About Your Drinking Water
Passed by Congress in 1974, and amended in both 1986 and 1996, the EPA's Safe Drinking Water Act was intended to ensure safe public drinking water.
It's been documented that each year there are over 200,000 violations to the Safe Drinking Water Act – involving over 20 percent of water treatment facilities.
However, I have no information that your particular water treatment facility had violations.
EPA standards are based on a 175-lb. male drinking water with only one chemical present.
It's scientifically recognized that if 2 or more chemicals exist at the same time in your tap water, the synergistic toxicity of those two chemicals greatly magnifies the negative effects.
Imagine what happens when you have 6 or 7 chemicals in your water...
How Your Local Water Company May Be Jeopardizing Your Health
To make your water safe to drink, your local water treatment plant most likely adds chlorine, chlorine dioxide, or chloramines to the water.
The practice of adding chlorine to drinking water began in the late 1800s and, by 1904, became the standard in water treatment, and for the most part remains so today.
Chlorine isn't necessarily used because it's the safest or even the most effective means of disinfection. It's used because it is the cheapest and it is highly effective at eliminating water borne infections that are all too common in countries like India and Mexico.
While chlorine effectively kills the harmful, disease-causing microorganisms, an unwanted side effect typically occurs at the same time.
Water supplies naturally contain organic matter, such as decaying vegetation. The chlorine-containing disinfectants react with this matter, generating toxic chemical disinfection byproducts, or DBPs for short.
And here's the point that I want you to grasp…
Chlorine itself is relatively harmless. Research reveals that the disinfection byproducts (DBPs) produced from chlorine are potentially harmful to your health!
In other words, it's typically the disinfection byproducts, the DBPs – not chlorine – that are responsible for the potential toxic effects of chlorinated water.
The Potentially Dangerous Effects of Disinfection Byproducts, or DBPs
Some of the more dangerous DBPs created from the chlorination of water include trihalomethanes (THMs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
These chlorine byproducts can trigger the production of free radicals in your body.
Three Disinfection Byproducts, or DBPs, You Want to Avoid… At All Costs
Here are some of the more dangerous chlorination byproducts and their associated suspected side effects:
- Is carcinogenic as shown in animal studies
- Trigger the production of free radicals in your body
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs):
- Lead to central nervous system depression and drowsiness
- Can irritate skin and mucous membranes
Haloacetic Acid (HAAs):
- Is a Class B2 probable human carcinogen
- May cause liver disease in test animals at very high levels
Are They in Your Drinking Water?
According to a recent New Scientist report, a comprehensive survey of U.S. drinking water reveals that drinking water may contain a host of hormonally active chemicals.
Some of the most frequently found substances included:
- MTBE (Methyl-tert-butyl Ether) – a chemical added to fuel to raise octane number; a potential human carcinogen at high doses
- Atrazine – a U.S. herbicide banned in the European Union; a known endocrine disruptor, it feminizes wildlife and lab animals, is linked to reproductive problems in lab animals, and impairs immune function
Granted, the levels detected were low. But let me ask you: do you really want to drink someone's recklessly discarded fuel boosters and pesticides?
I certainly don't.
Incidentally, the U.S. government does not regulate or set rules for pharmaceuticals or any of these other compounds in your drinking water, except for one: the herbicide Atrazine.
Why Your Body Needs Healthy Water
Your body depends on clean water to perform its daily functions, such as digestion, temperature and blood regulation, respiration, and detoxification.
In particular, your body's ability to flush out toxins and properly assimilate nutrients depends heavily on an abundant intake of clean, chemical-free water. The more stress, toxins, and pollutants your body battles with each day, the more water it needs.
The quantity and quality of the water you use largely determines your body's ability to shed excess fat and properly maintain your body's largest organ, your skin.
While your entire body is 72 percent water, your skin is 80 percent water. Plentiful water is needed to maintain your skin's elasticity and moisture barrier.
Your blood is over 90 percent water and uses water to transport oxygen, nutrients, and antibodies throughout your body.
How Much Water Does Your Body Really Need?
I'm often asked what the ideal amount of water to drink on a daily basis is.
A good rule is to use the color of your urine as a guide. When you're well-hydrated, your urine should be clear, or nearly so.
Please note this guideline does not work when you are taking B supplements with riboflavin which will turn your urine bright yellow.
It's been estimated that over two-thirds of all people don't drink enough water, and suffer from some degree of dehydration.
Did you know that just a 5 percent drop in body fluids can cause a 25 to 30 percent loss of energy?
Unfortunately, many people turn to stimulants like caffeine and sugar to boost their energy level when they feel drained.
Problem is, these substances only increase your need for more water, as well as potentially cause a myriad of other health issues.
Next time you feel a drop in your energy, pour yourself a cool, tall glass of water and see if it doesn't make a difference in how you feel!
Remember Your Kids – They Need Clean Water, Too!
Your children need healthy water when they head out to school and play, just as much, or even more so than you or me.
Children need three times as much water per pound of body weight than adults. As their immune and detoxification systems are not yet fully developed, any ill effects from contaminants in the water are far more impactful to children's bodies.
Lead in particular is dangerous for kids. Studies show that fluoride, added to most public water supplies, can actually increase your child's absorption of lead.
Pesticides and herbicides are beginning to show up in school drinking water supplies as well. Since developing children are less capable of fully removing them from their bodies, researchers are increasingly suspecting them as one cause for the exploding number of cases of autism and ADHD.
As attention deficit and hyperactive behavior in children have been linked to changes in levels of thyroid hormone, so are irritability and aggressive behavior. Pesticides and herbicides are proven to adversely affect thyroid hormones.
If You Think Your Child's School Is Protecting Them
Against Unsafe Drinking Water – Think Again!
Unfortunately, you can't always depend upon schools to protect your children against unsafe drinking water. When schools get their water from municipal supplies, as many do, they're not required to test for toxins.
If your child attends an older school with lead-soldered pipes, he or she may be drinking lead-contaminated water. This highly toxic metal can flake off into the water, or simply leech into the water as it sits in the pipes over weekends and holidays.
According to a 2010 National Geographic report, a nationwide investigation discovered that the drinking water in schools in 27 states was contaminated with lead and other toxic substances from lead-soldered pipes installed before 1985. However, I have no information that the water supply at your child's particular school contains lead.
As bad as lead is for your child, it's not the only potential concern with your school's drinking water. In 2009, the Associated Press analyzed school drinking water data from the Environmental Protection Agency and uncovered some disturbing findings.
About 100 school districts and 2,250 schools nationwide were found to have drinking water that violated federal water safety standards, including 1 out of 5 schools with well water.
What did they find in the water? Lead, pesticides, and toxins such as coliform bacteria, copper, arsenic, and nitrates. It is for this reason that I suggest packing water for your child for school.
The Most Popular Solution… But Is It the Healthiest?
Is drinking bottled water the solution?
Evidently, many people believe so.
Bottled water represents, by far, the fastest growing segment of the beverage industry with annual sales exceeding $11 billion.
How has the bottled water industry created such a demand for a commodity that's available for free?
By slick marketing tactics and taking advantage of lax governmental regulations.
Playing the message that bottled water is cleaner, and therefore healthier, the bottled water industry has successfully created one of the most incredulous scams of the century.
Here's how you've been duped:
- Studies reveal that about 40 percent of bottled water is actually regular tap water with possibly no additional filtering treatment.
- The EPA standards that apply to public water supplies do NOT apply to bottled water
- There are no restrictions protecting against a source of bottled water being located near industrial facilities or waste dumps.
- Overall, bottled water is less regulated than tap water.
- A recent Environmental Working Group test uncovered 38 contaminants in 10 brands of bottled water, including DBPs, nitrate, caffeine, arsenic, Tylenol, bacteria, and industrial chemicals.
The Problem With Water Bottles
In the time it takes you to read just this one short sentence, over 8,000 empty water bottles are being thrown away worldwide.
According to the Container Recycling Institute, in the U.S. alone, more than 67 million plastic water bottles are discarded each day. That's enough empty plastic water bottles to…
- Fill 5,500 garbage trucks each day.
- Bury Manhattan Island one-foot deep each day.
- Wrap around the planet 149 times each year!
Not easily degraded, empty plastic water bottles have become a major contributor to worldwide pollution.
In fact, water bottles make up a sizable portion of the garbage patch of discarded plastic swirling in the Pacific Ocean just a few hundred miles off the coast.
This enormous plastic “stew” is currently larger than twice the size of Texas and growing rapidly!
The waste issue is not the only problem. According to the Sierra Club, the U.S. alone uses 1.5 million barrels of oil to produce all the water bottles we toss each year.
And along with oil, comes unwanted toxins. The processing of plastic water bottle releases toxic compounds such as nickel, ethylbenzene, ethylene oxide, and benzene into the environment.
What I Believe Is the Best Way to Protect Your Child (and Yourself) Against Unsafe Drinking Water
As I mentioned earlier, I believe that the best way to protect you're your child against the uncertainty of school drinking water is to pack clean water you trust from home.
And, of course, you want pure and clean water in a safe, non-toxic, and reusable container.
What kind of container should you choose?
My personal favorite, and the kind I use myself, is glass. Glass is non-toxic and does not leach any undesirable contaminants. If breakage concerns you, purchase a silicone sleeve to slip on the outside to protect the bottle.
If you feel you must use plastic, be sure to select a water bottle designed for reuse labeled with one of the following numbers, as these are known to not leach harmful substances:
- High-density polyethylene, labeled as "#2 HDPE"
- Low-density polyethylene, labeled as "#4 LDPE"
- Polypropylene, labeled as "#5 PP"
Above all, be sure to avoid all plastic bottles labeled “Nalgene,” PVC #3, and Polycarbonate #7. These can leach potential endocrine disruptors and/or highly dangerous dioxins. However, not all plastics labeled with #7 contain BPA. For instance, corn PLA plastic and other biodegradable and renewable resource resins are classified under 7 as well. Be sure to inquire about what #7 plastic is made from before using it.
Make sure the bottle you select – whether it's glass or one of the safer plastics – has an opening that allows you to hand wash the insides with hot water and a bottle brush.
If not cleaned thoroughly and often, your water bottle will begin to harbor unhealthy bacteria and mold growth – definitely not something you want in your water!
Water Filtering Options
It is no mystery that most of us need some type of water filter system. However, for nearly 10 years, I did not offer a water filter system as I wasn’t convinced that I knew enough to recommend one.
After many years of review I have reached some conclusions. Before I share those with you let's review your options, as you'll soon see, I believe that your ultimate choice should come down to three factors:
- Effectiveness. How many dangerous contaminants is the filter tested to remove? Most importantly, does it remove the toxic disinfection byproducts (DBPs)?
- Value. How much, on an on-going basis, will it cost you for clean water? (HINT: initial costs can be deceiving!)
- Ease of Use. If it's time-consuming and a struggle to install or use, you and your family are less likely to use it.
With these three points in mind, let's take a closer look at the options available and discover what's best for you.
What's YOUR Best Water Filter Option?
Your options basically come down to just a few categories:
Carafe or Pitcher Style Filter
The pour-through pitcher style filter is generally the least effective filter when it comes to removing harmful contaminants.
Tested to remove only five substances, a pitcher-style filter is designed primarily for taste and odor. Most importantly, these typically do NOT remove dangerous THMs, VOCs, and cysts.
Although their initial cost may be only about $25.00, you'll need to replace cartridges every 30 gallons. All figured, at a whopping cost of 25 cents per gallon, these filters are the most costly on an on-going basis.
Plus if you forget to refill the small reservoir after use, you're out of water!
Reverse Osmosis Filter
Reverse osmosis (RO) filters, are my personal favorite, but they may not be for everyone. I prefer RO filters because they generally remove more impurities, including hard-to-remove fluoride. However, they also remove natural minerals in the water.
Ion Exchange Filter
Ion exchange is designed to remove dissolved salts in the water, such as calcium. This system actually softens the water or exchanges natural-forming mineral ions in the water with its own ions, thereby neutralizing their harmful effect of creating scale build-up.
The ion exchange system was originally used in boilers and other industrial situations before becoming popular in home purifying units, which usually combine the system with carbon for greater effectiveness.
Distillation is the simple process of boiling water to create steam. The steam cools and condenses to form mineral-free water droplets, which are deposited in a container. When combined with carbon, the result is typically 99.9% contaminate-free water.
Like a reverse osmosis filter, all healthy minerals are removed.
Granular Carbon and Carbon Block Filters
These are the most common types of counter top and under counter water filters.
Granular carbon filters and carbon block systems perform the same process of contaminant removal, adsorption, which is the chemical or physical bond of a contaminant to the surface of the filter media.
Granular activated carbon is recognized by the EPA as the best available technology for the removal of organic chemicals like herbicides, pesticides, and industrial chemicals. However, one of the downfalls of granular carbon filters is that the loose material inside can channel – the water creates pathways through the carbon material, escaping filtering.
Carbon block filters offer the same superior filtering ability but are compressed with the carbon medium in a solid form. This eliminates channeling and gives the ability to precisely combine multiple media in a sub-micron filter cartridge. By combining different media, the ability to selectively remove a wide range of contaminants can be achieved.
The carbon contained in these filters is sourced from coconut shells. Activated carbon from coconut shell has predominantly pores in micro pore range. Almost 85 to 90% surface area of coconut shell activated carbon exists as micro-pores. These small pores match the size of contaminant molecules in drinking water and therefore are very effective in trapping them. Coconut is actually a renewable source of carbon. Coconut shell-activated carbon filters are among the most preferred filters in the industry.
A sub-micron pore structure gives the added benefit of cyst reduction. By creating a sub-micron physical barrier, the filter can eliminate dangerous organisms like Cryptosporidium and Giardia.
Ideally, you want a filtration system that offers a variety of methods to remove different contaminants. Most systems do not address a combination of organic, inorganic, cyst, sediment and metals.
The Foolproof Way to Select a Quality Water Filter
Unlike bottled water, manufacturers of water filters are required to document the effectiveness of their home filters by many states and by federal regulators if they make claims about effectiveness.
In fact, it's unlawful in many states, including California, Wisconsin, Massachusetts, Iowa, Texas, Florida, and New York to make uncertified claims.
To ensure you are getting the right product for you – and to be guaranteed that the product does what it claims – I recommend looking for certification by the California Department of Health.
I believe that your best assurance for quality water is to look for California Certification
Underwriters Laboratories also provide strict requirements for water filters and are a helpful tool for comparing performance and value.
However, California's regulations are the strictest in the industry, and generally provide the greatest consumer protection when purchasing a water filter.
California requires manufacturers to submit advertising and packaging materials for review by the Department of Health prior to certification.
You can be assured that your water filter truly removes the contaminants listed on its certification when you insist on the seal of California Certification. Please remember that it is very important to maintain this water treatment device according to the manufacturer's instructions, including replacement of filters.
Effectiveness, Value, and Ease of Use Available Right Here at Mercola.com
As I promised you earlier, I continue to review options to bring you what I believe to be the best to support your and your family's good health.
And now I have located a family of filters that I believe bring you the finest in effectiveness, value, and ease of use.
They are all manufactured in the U.S. under exclusive contract with a company specializing in advanced water treatment products, we are able to offer you a choice of two models of Pure & Clear filters:
- Countertop – Installs in seconds to standard kitchen faucets; ideal for apartments
- Under Counter – Easy to install with its own separate stainless faucet
Economical and very effective, our Pure & Clear filters are simple to use and quick and easy to install.
This product is intended for use on municipally treated cold water only and should not be used on water of unsafe or unknown microbiological quality. It is also not warranted for use on private wells.
To further help you in all your water filtration needs, my team created a simple, straightforward questionnaire to help guide you. You may have different requirements based on the type of water source you have, the type of residence you live in, and how many people live in your home.
Why SELECTIVE Filtration Makes a Difference
Our Pure & Clear filters use a “selective filtration” process rather than a mechanical one for a couple of very important reasons. This advanced technology helps remove harmful contaminants such as THMs and lead, but retains beneficial minerals including potassium and calcium. The contaminants or other substances removed or reduced by this water treatment device are not necessarily present in your water.
The exclusive five-stage dual cartridge system removes contaminants based on their level of prevalence, eliminating the most competitive compounds first, such as chlorine and sediment, and allowing the latter stages to focus on the more difficult task of removing lead and synthetic chemicals.
The patented dual-filter system uses a combination of carbon filtration, ion-exchange and sub-micron filtration to produce great tasting, healthier water.
The first, “A” cartridge filters out the largest contaminants – down to 5 microns in size. This includes particulate matter (turbidity) and chlorine. Getting the larger, concentrated substances out of the way allows the second, “B” cartridge to go to work on the more difficult, toxic contaminants.
- Lead is reduced by a complex ion-exchange process that replaces harmful lead ions with healthy potassium ions.
- Herbicides, pesticides, industrial solvents, and other synthetic chemicals are removed through absorption.
- Chlorine byproducts and chlorine resistant organisms, such as THMs, and cysts like Giardia Cryptosporidium are physically filtered by the 0.5-micron absolute filter.
Clogging is a common problem found with single filter systems. A dual cartridge system eliminates that problem by allowing a separate, first filter to remove the larger debris. Not only do you greatly extend the life of your filter cartridge, you get a faster flow of pure and clean water. Please remember that it is very important to maintain this water treatment device according to the manufacturer's instructions, including replacement of filters.
Also, systems that attempt to remove contaminants with a single cartridge or a single stage do not perform as well under real life conditions where more than one contaminant may be present at a time.
How Does Pure & Clear Compare With Other Filter Systems?
|Cartridge Cost and Capacity
||$59.97 / 500 Gal.
||$79.99 / 625 Gal.
||$7.70 / 30 Gal.
||$50.39 / 500 Gal.
||$60.00 / 540 Gal.
||$49.00 / 500 Gal.
||$20.00 / 100 Gal.
|Per Gallon Cost of Use
||Cost of Use 12¢Per Gal.
||13¢ Per Gal.
||25¢ Per Gal.
||10¢ Per Gal.
||11¢ Per Gal.
||9.8¢ Per Gal.
||20¢ Per Gal.
||Yes > 75%
||Yes > 99%
||Yes > 99.99%
||Yes > 99%
||Yes > 99%
||Yes > 99%
||Yes > 99%
||Yes > 99.99%
|First Year Cost
Q & A
Q: How can I tell if there are contaminants in my water?
A: All public water systems contain some level of one or more unhealthful chemicals. Regulations only require periodic testing of about 91 chemicals. There are many chemicals used in our society with over 1,000 new ones being developed each year.
Contaminant levels fluctuate throughout the year making it impossible to know the actual level of contamination in a central water system. So far, over 2,100 toxic chemicals have been detected in America's water systems. There's an excellent chance many are in your water, too. However, the contaminants discussed above may not be present in your particular water system.
Q: Does the Pure & Clear Water Filtration system remove fluoride?
A: Fluoride removal requires different filtration processes. However, there is usually a moderate reduction in fluoride levels in water filtered by the Pure & Clear. If you are concerned about the presence of some remaining fluoride in your water, then you'll need to consider a Reverse Osmosis filter.
Q: Can the Pure & Clear products be used on well water?
A: The Pure & Clear filters are intended for use on municipally treated water and are not warranted for use on private wells. In most situations, these filters will work fine on well water as long as it is drinkable water.
The Pure & Clear should not be used on wells that are non-potable due to excessive bacteria. Wells with such high levels of iron or sulfur that cause staining of sinks and plumbing fixtures should not be used with the Pure & Clear.
Click here for more info on the Whole House Filtration for Well Water specifically designed to work with well water.
Q: How do you know when the filter cartridges need to be replaced?
A: The countertop system is rated for 500 gallons or 6 months without any loss of effectiveness. The performance testing for this product was run to a 1,000-gallon capacity with no loss of effectiveness to allow for an adequate safety margin. As long as you replace the filter cartridges every 6 months, you can be sure of peak performance. Areas with water that have high sediment content may need to replace filters more frequently. It is suggested that people who live in coastal areas replace their filters at shorter intervals (every two to three months) due to potentially higher sediment influx and water quality.
Q: Should I consider a whole house water filtration system in my home to protect all my water sources from DBPs, VOCs, HAA, and other toxic chemicals?
A: A Pure & Clear Whole House System and UV System (if you use well water) may be something that makes sense in addition to the Pure & Clear Countertop or Under Counter system. You can click here to find out more info on the Pure & Clear Whole House system.
Q: What is the flow rate of Aquasana Whole House Filter Systems?
A: All Aquasana Whole House Systems perform at 7 gallons per minute (gpm).
Q: Will I experience a drop in water pressure after installing the Whole House Filter?
A: As long as your home is less than 3,500 sq. ft. and you have 3-1/2 bathrooms or fewer, you should not experience any noticeable drops in pressure. If you have a larger home, a second system installed in parallel will deal with the typical water capacity of your home.
Q: What do the Pure & Clear Water Filtration systems remove?
A: Click here to view the Pure & Clear Water Filtration System Performance Guide.
It's Time to Protect Your Family With One of the Best…
When it comes to providing pure water for your family, nothing but the best will do.
Pure & Clear…
- Is Certified by the California Department of Health so you know you're getting the best
- Provides excellent long-term value – enjoy fresh, clean water for less than 12 cents a gallon (when used and filters replaced according to recommendations in packaging)!
- Has been reviewed by a major consumer magazine and has been an award-winning favorite for over six years!
- Is easy to use… and even better, easy to install. Everything you need is included.
- Excels when it comes to removing contaminants!
- Is backed by a 30-Day 100% Satisfaction Guarantee.
Now the purest, cleanest water is available to you at the touch of a button. Are you ready to take the plunge?